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Sunday, October 4, 2020


Author: Prince Foday




Higher education can literally mean education beyond secondary school. This could be education at vocational institutes, college and universities. Established institutions have had their own view of the concept.

Cambridge University Press subscribed to the meaning of higher education as education at college or university where subjects are studied in a vast deal and higher level, and that the level of education has clear and increased use of modern contraceptive methods (Cambridge University Press, 2019). Nidirect government services advanced higher education as being third level educations after you leave school and that it takes place at universities and further education colleges and normally includes undergraduate and postgraduate study and that education at higher education gives you the chance to study a subject you are interested in and can boost your career prospects and earning potential. Nibusiness itemised higher education to be postgraduate qualifications, bachelors’ degree, higher national certificates (HNC) and Higher National Diplomas (HND), foundation degrees, certificates and other academic awards conferred by a university or higher education college (Nidirect government services, 2019). Wikimedia Foundation proposed higher education to be a tertiary education leading to the conferment of an academic degree and that higher education otherwise called post-secondary education or third-level or tertiary education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs upon completion of secondary education (Wikimedia, 2019). IGI Global suggested higher education to be all education beyond the secondary level leading to a formal degree and that it is at a stage of learning achieved in colleges, universities, academies and so forth. In all the definitions advanced by the institutions the central focus was on education above the secondary school.

Higher education is important in every aspect and achieving it can be beneficiary to the individual, household and the nation. Higher education is appropriate for career development, personal development, passion pursuance and realistic benefits.


Career Development

Higher education is important because it is a circle where a career is developed. Developing a career is not an easy path and a confusing state to be as the path to be chosen can lead to a success story or a nightmare. It is important to be conscious in a chosen career, particularly the one that can attract one’s employability in the job market. Some career can be marketable and others faced with a high level of competition. It is ideal for an individual to choose a career that is demanding and one that attracts employers. A career that is unique with minimal competition can be the right move. The organisation and structure below can be helpful in choosing a career.

Organisation and Structure

Management in the organisation and structure is the board of directors (private sector business) or board of governors (public sector business). The board of directors or the board of governors are responsible for strategic decisions or policy decisions. The production, personnel, marketing and finance are functional departments responsible for implementing policies designed by the management. The production department is responsible for providing goods or services. The personnel department is charged with the responsibility of recruitment and selection of staff, staff appraisal, termination and retention, and health and safety. The marketing department has the task of creating awareness and arousing the interest of potential and existing customers about the product, and further conducting research about the product of the business. The finance department is responsible for taking stock of the cash inflow and cash outflow of the business. The important thing is that all the functional departments require someone with knowledge in higher education. The production department needs someone skilled in business management and engineering. The personnel department needs someone that skilled in personnel management. Marketing department demands people with higher education in marketing management, retailing and research and development. The financial department needs people with skills in accounting and finance. Higher education is relevant in filling all positions in the functional departments and even the board members. The important thing to note is that all the functional departments are supposed to be managed by people that are knowledgeable or having skills in business management. Engineers fall under the production department and medical doctors under the personnel department. Medical doctors fall under health and safety. The pursuance of higher education in business management put someone in the advantage position, as medical doctors and engineers are all accountable to that person.


Personal Development

Higher education leads to personal development. It decorates oneself with the credentials that can be beneficial to the individual, household and the nation. It provides an added value and builds an objective outlook about life and people. Higher education transforms the individual to the position where you feel different from your former position. It redeems the person with higher education from naivety and narrow-mindedness. Higher education improves one’s communication skills and strategic thinking. The achievement of higher education enables the individual to identify the inherent skills and realisation of passion. The knowledge acquired from higher education can build a sense of discipline and accomplishment.


Passion Pursuance

Although it is uncertain in what to pursue after secondary education, people tend to follow their passion or area of interest. The passion may be influenced by the individual, friends, and an institution or otherwise. People can pursue higher education in engineering, health care, teaching, and marketing, personnel management, plumbing and so forth, and will pursue a higher education relating to that. The pursuance of one’s passion at higher education level is the right thing to do as the contravention of that will stifle the individual’s self-esteem and that can be frustrating. 


Realistic Benefit

Higher education has a real benefit on the individual, household and the nation. Pursuing education to a higher level will improve the individual’s know-how and skills. It makes the individual become employable and enables the person to cope with competition for jobs and puts the person to a higher pay rate beneficial to his or her household. The higher pay scale can make the individual have the desired income to buy goods and services to maintain the circular flow of income between the households and firms. The achievement of higher education can be important to the nation, particular for private and public sector businesses. The person that acquires higher education can provide services to either private sector or public sector firms. The person being employed is required to pay direct tax (income from employment and road tax) and indirect tax (value-added tax).  

The additional importance of higher education can evidential from the data and graphical representation below.



Average Hourly Pay-2010


Median Hourly Pay (£)



Higher education


A levels


GCSE grades (Aͯ-C)


Other qualifications


No qualifications



Source: Office of National Statistics




Average Hourly Pay-2010

Average Hourly Pay-2010


Median Hourly Pay (Degree)



Higher education


A levels


GCSE grades (Aͯ-C)


Other qualifications


No qualifications



The data and graphical representation clearly show the disparity in terms of income between secondary education and tertiary education. It shows that higher education can attract higher income than secondary education. University degrees and higher education provide a median hourly pay of £16.1 and £12.1. This is expressed in degrees as 94 ͦ and 70 ͦ for university degrees and higher education.




Higher education is important as it puts the individual in a comfortable situation for higher earnings and inevitably beneficial to oneself, the household and the nation. It provides the confidence to interact with people everywhere in the world and makes the person susceptible to changing lifestyle and situation. Respect can be obtained from higher education and that changes people’s perception about you. Gaining higher education means higher income compared to someone with secondary education. The person with higher education is open to be placed in the position of controlling those without higher education and can lead to organisational success. Businesses are faced with the risk of success and failure and the person with higher education is prone to organisational success than someone with mere secondary education. A person may have wealth but sustaining wealth becomes a problem if not having the know-how to maintain it.  Sustaining a wealth demands the appropriate skills and the lack of such skills will deplete the wealth and will leave the individual confused and frustrated. Higher education provides the capability to manage scarce resources and achieve organisational objectives. Higher education in business studies or masters in business administration can equip the individual with the desired skills to design the ideal policies good for business success. Learning is a continuous process and a secondary education is necessary but not sufficient. What is necessary and sufficient is the acquisition of secondary education and going beyond that level to higher education. Higher education provides a platform for trust and increases one’s employability. Achieving higher education builds the way for self-reliance and improves private sector participation in national development. Not everyone can be employed in the public sector and it is glaring that higher education can encourage self-reliance. Those with higher education will prefer to form their own businesses and that can relieve the government from its unemployment burden and curb social unrest. Unemployment is of immense concern to the government so having people with higher education changes their dependence mentality. It makes people feel that they have a role in nation-building or national development.




Cambridge Dictionary (Updated 2020). Available at: (Accessed 15 September 2020)

Nidirect government services. Available at: (Accessed 16 September 2020)

Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed 17 September 2020)

IGI Global. Available at: (Accessed 18 September 2020)

Theguardian. Available at: (Accessed 19 September 2020)



Prince Foday

London, United


Saturday, June 13, 2020


The Late Mr Abdul Kareem Sow

The life will live is full of uncertainties. No one can ascertain as to what happens tomorrow.  We are like candles in the wind that can completely burn out at any time. What time our candles will burn out, only God knows. The information about the death of my brother, Abdul Kareem Sow, reached me as a shock. I couldn't believe it after seeing it on our Kenema Old Students' Association (the United Kingdom and Ireland) Forum. The preoccupation of the shocking news made me contact the current Secretary-General of our Alumni, Mr Magba Taimeh, who confirmed that he is truly dead. I observed some minutes of silence, thinking of what may have gone wrong, knowing a brother who had sacrificed all the opportunities in the United Kingdom to serve his country.

I knew Sowman, as we called him, during our school days at the Government Secondary School Kenema (College of the East). I was his senior at the school but he was someone that we connected through the Poor Boys Association (PBA) movement, a movement meant to support comrade students from poor backgrounds and foster the spirit of humility. He was an active member like many others. Our connection became, even more, resound out of our outspoken nature, a bond that continued when we met again at the Christ the King College Bo (a school meant to groom great and enviable scientists in Sierra Leone- both pure and social scientists). I was one year ahead of him in the sixth form.

At the Christ the King College, we hooked up again in our usual Poor Boys Association movement and we even tried to introduce drilling which became unsuccessful because of the catholic nature of the school and the fact that drilling was alien to the diction of the school. I could remember the many challenges that we faced from some students in the school in the many times we went around classes where there are fresh students, taking advantage of absentee teachers in the classes.  Our friendship was so strong that we were meeting for studies after school hours and worked closely in rising above the fluid nature of the town we were living miles away from parents. During Ramadan, he will take me to his Fula relatives for us to breakfast and we shared and cared for each other. Watching each other's back was our norm until we completed the sixth form.

Upon completion of the Sixth form, Sowman categorically told me he wanted to go to university abroad and never wanted to study in Sierra Leone. He had all the qualifications to enter university but deliberately stood by his determination.  He finally travelled in the late 80s to the United Kingdom. The lesson that I learnt from his determination is to never give up and that the impossible can always become plausible. We lost from each other after the post sixth form era until we met again around the mid-year of 2000. 

Brainy and smart as he was, he never took money before education, like the many fellow Sierra Leoneans that are laid back and short-sighted about education being secondary in their lives. Sowman was able to compromise family matters, education and miscellaneous issues-multitasking by nature. He did his first degree in pharmacology and later pursued his master's degree in pathology. He worked for the NHS for some years and later decided to go into teaching. When I asked him why he went into teaching, he told me because he wanted to have time for the kids and use teaching skills to provide educational empowerment to the children. That tells us about his strong family savvy.

Sowman taught chemistry at both secondary and college levels in the United Kingdom and even became head of the chemistry department in the college he was teaching. As a global teacher and having the passion to explore international teaching arena, he took up an international job in teaching in the East Africa nation of Kenya. In Kenya, he flew our Sierra Leone flag and the United Kingdom flag high and used the Queen's English to teach chemistry.

My brother was an entrepreneur and with the true spirit of self-reliance. Upon coming back to the United Kingdom from the teaching taster in Kenya to join his family in London, he opened his private institution, Push for Excellence, where he recruited me and other teachers. He is one of few Sierra Leoneans that never solely relied on the paid job he was doing as a teacher but decided to diversify the earning pool out there to increase his household income.

Sowman was a politician too and a strong and paid-up member of the Sierra Leone Peoples Party (SLPP).  Not only was he a member of the party but a core member of the new direction that stood by President Julius Maada Bio's vision to bounce back in the politics of Sierra Leone. I could remember the many times he tried to convince me to join the SLPP, which my lost hope in the party after the nightmare experiences during the Tejan Kabba era couldn't allow me to reckon with.   When the SLPP new direction won the recent election in Sierra Leone, he was not given any position. He never got frustrated or discouraged but smartly thought to build his project to provide the invisible hand to his party. I could remember encouraging him to do so as that is the only way he can survive amid fouls, knowing very well the ethnic-regional sentiments in the SLPP and APC parties in Sierra Leone. The project he built was Public-Private Partnership and the focus was in education.  I worked closely with him to fine-tune the project which he forwarded to the current SLPP government and fortunately the authorities embraced it and allowed him to carry on the project at the Ministry of Education.

Until his death, he worked tirelessly to fulfil the dream of the project in Sierra Leone. He used the many media platforms to sensitise the country about his project and worked within the purview of the objectives of the project. I trust that if his candle in wind had not unexpectedly burnt out, our country would have benefited a lot from the project. Although my brother is gone to the land of the dead, I hope the present and future governments will continue his legacy and do not use the ongoing political bashing strategy in the body politics to block a project that will immensely benefit our beloved country.  My brother is gone and optimistic his spirit we continue to shadow his the project, Public-Private Partnership at the Ministry of Education.

Sowman left behind a humble and supporting wife (Binta Sow), charming children and a great extended family. My sympathy to the entire family and pray that God consoles them and guide them through their trying times. Those that feel the heat know it best. You need to test the tide to know what lies in it.

Till we meet again on the next planet, my brother Abdul Kareem Sow, rest in absolute peace. I know now that you are gone but be assured you had left an enviable landmark on planet earth.


Prince Foday
London, United Kingdom

Tuesday, May 5, 2020


The Late Reverend Willie E.E.Carr

Rev Carr was a great Principal of our time at the Gambia Senior Secondary School, Banjul, the Gambia. A man all teachers amicably related with and a great architect of the sustainable best results our school produced when we were teaching there.

He gave up his school for us to run summer classes for refugee students in the sub-region of West Africa at the time the region had civil unrest. We later transformed the pilot project as a school. The project was manned by voluntary Teachers Association (VOTA).

Through the support of the late Rev Carr, we wrote to Principles and Headteachers to absorb those meant for Primary Schools and Junior Schools but only maintained the students meant to sit their GCSE and "A" Levels Examinations in the academic year 1998 to 1999.

Rev Carr gave us a space for free in his school to run our School for the Academically Displaced (SAD) and absorbed all the "A" Level Students in the school. The GCSE students trained by our volunteers got nine division one out of eleven in the country.

Thanks to Rev Carr and the many volunteer teachers like Bernard Ngebuva, James Minah, Sam Siaka, Mohamed Mansaray, Jeremiah Soko, Messr Dior (Ivory Coast), Leonard Ngbloh, and the many Gambian, Sierra Leonean, Ghanaian and Nigerian teachers who made the project a success.

 Humility highly matters and paramount to our lives.  Reverend Carr was a philanthropist. He nurtured and sponsored many vulnerable students in the school to realise their dreams.

Rev Carr served as a mentor and indirect father to me and the many young teachers in the school and beyond.  He supported the publications of my books in Economics and Business Management for Senior Schools and Tertiary institutes and even made it to be part of the booklist for many schools in The Gambia.

The late Rev Carr was open to initiatives and any goodies from teachers and students as long it was for the good and progress of the school.

I could remember approaching him with the idea of opening a Business Club in the school together with my predecessor, Dawood Adjei, who was head of commercial studies.

Rev Carr embraced the initiative and gave us the go-ahead. The Business Club was meant to provide practical experience to students. We took the canteen as a hub for students' research and using the data for our classroom teaching. Rev Carr was always there to give us all the support and autonomy needed to make the project a success.

He was an exemplary leader and having the leadership traits that are unique to find. He never compromised the quality of grades needed to enter our school and ensured that departments worked as a team to produce the best results for the country.

He had an open-door policy and his office was opened to everyone. He would ensure that teachers have the requisite resources to deliver their teaching effectively and a great motivator to his staff and students. 

Rev Carr retired as a Principal to take up full-time preaching at the Trinity Methodist Church, Serrekunda, The Gambia.

Information reaching me from a distance indicated that the late Rev Carr conducted an online sermon for his flocks or members of the church on Sunday, 26 April 2020. He died the same Sunday in active service for God.

Great men die but their philanthropist and Godly souls will remain to usher the strong spirit of humility to mankind.

 Rev Carr, we will always remember you and continue to pray for your lovely wife and siblings to absorb the shock of your death and be provided with God's divine and eternal protection.

God giveth and taketh, and only HE knows best. Till we meet in the next planet if ever, rest in absolute peace.


Former Head of Commercial Studies Department under the late Rev Willie E.E. Carr: 1999-2005

Tuesday, September 24, 2019


Black lie so toxic
Toxic to the extent that it destroys society and your soul.
Bagging sins without a clue
How thou become so antisocial?

The lies you tell have no place in our society
Great to get facts from the horse’s mouth than parading with black lies
 Trying to justify those lies to the prey
 That prey might be a flamboyant tree of lies 
Spreading those black lies from a fictitious source
 Being part of the crop of sinners will do no good

Their lives so restless and shattered in the midst of the innocent
 Hope they could screen themselves to realise how toxic they can be
 Many skeletons in their cupboards they are hiding
 Skeletons if exposed will put them to shame
Look how shameless they are
 Parading with baseless lies

When would they stop their black lies? No one knows
Repenting is what they need to clear their sins 
Those black lies can't help them in anyway 
They might be hiding behind their borderline personality disorder
Internally sick and looking for scapegoats 

Get a grip and come out of such dark world
World peace is what we yearn for. It is time to be redeemed
Our peaceful society has a place reserved for you
 Those black lies can't help your soul
Your soul deserves to be cleansed to fit the circle of our peaceful society
 Don't be an outcast but be part our peace train 

Black lies have toxins and unhealthy for you.

Author: Prince Foday

Friday, February 16, 2018


Author: Prince Foday
Cancer is a relevant health problem in the world and is becoming of immense concern to our society. Before addressing the reasons for financing cancer, it is significant to have knowledge about cancer. The emergence of cancer had attracted contributions on its meaning from various clerics and cancer institutions. The National Cancer Institute defines cancer as “a name given to a collection of related diseases and that in all types of cancer some of the body cells begin to divide without stopping and spreading into surrounding tissues”. Cancer Research UK viewed cancer as “a situation where abnormal cells divide in an uncontrolled way and that some cancers may spread into other tissues”. Macmillan Cancer Support provided their own take on cancer as “something that starts in our cells (cells being tiny building blocks that make up the organs and tissues of our body) and that sometimes the cells go wrong and become abnormal and forms itself into a lump called tumour”.  Battison, T. (2002) suggest cancer to be something that covers various types of a malignant tumour and not just a single-handed disease. He further emphasised that there are over more than two hundred types of cancer and each of them have their unique signs and features based on the types of cancer, which he mentioned that there are three types and they are: Carcinoma, Sarcoma and Lymphoma. Carcinoma, as he insists, crops up in the tissues that are developed from the cells and generates into many compositions in the adult in places such as the lungs, stomach, intestines, mouth, glands that make secretions, the lining of the throat, prostate, pancreas and salivary glands. Sarcoma, as he indicates, is like a form of a tumour that originates from the middle layer of the embryo and this forms into fat, fibrous tissue, muscles and bones. Lymphoma, as he suggests, is a form of a tumour that grows in the lymphoid tissue in the body and this is found in the bone marrow, the spleen and the lymph glands where the blood cells are established and leukaemia will form if the malignant process entails the blood-erupting tissues in the bone marrow. The questions that may be asked and desires answers are: why finance cancer? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?  Cancer is a serious health problem clearly justifies the need to spend money on it for preventive and curative reasons. Arlen Specter proposed by ranking heart disease as the prime killer followed by cancer and that the dreadful issue about the two diseases are that they can be healed and that this can only be possible if enough funds are available. Specter’s suggestion sends the signal about the importance of finance to the cure of cancer. The fact he expressed is that cancer can be cured if and only if the needed finance is available and this triggers the need for financing cancer.  However, there are pros and cons to financing cancer, something that is an inevitable phenomenon for any health problem. 

Why Finance Cancer?

In addressing the issue of the need for financing cancer, we need to consider the money that needs to be spent on health promotion to prevent cancer from source, research that needs to be conducted to cure cancer and the issue of ensuring a healthy population for the purpose of their contributions to the economy.

Health promotion on cancer requires money, as there is a need to use the different channels of communication to get the message to those that are in potential risk. The sensitisation on cancer using the print media, radio and television are not free but a fee is levied based on the space required. Cancer awareness is ongoing and this involves finance to get the message to the target group. Battison, T. (2002) hinted that there are many known facts and a great deal of fiction about what causes cancer and most people will know a little of both. Most families have experienced cancer so it is not a surprise that people have gathered information along the way, picked up from word of mouth, the television and magazines.  Battison’s statement clearly tells us about the importance of cancer sensitization and such health promotion is ideal in eliminating any false story that may emerge about cancer. 

Research is prime to our society, so researching on cancer can unveil much information on cancer and can further help in finding the cure to cancer. Research involves finance and it needs both capital (space and equipment needed) and recurrent expenditure (salary and other administrative expenses). The findings and recommendations from cancer research are very important to our society and this will create leeway for curative measures. Scotting, P. (2010) propounded that since the 1990s, however, the number of deaths from cancer has begun to drop significantly. Research has at last begun to have an impact on many cancers, and because of our interest in cancer, we have learnt a huge amount about how cells and the body normally work. This understanding promises to have an even greater impact on our ability to combat cancer over the next ten to twenty years. Scotting’s statement pinpoints on the relevance of cancer research and how this is helping to reduce the rate of the cancer disease. Cancer research requires a huge amount of money but the impact of the research on preventing and curing cancer is what really matters. The benefit that our human society derives from research findings far outweighs whatever money that is spent on cancer. Humanity and humility are important ingredients to a better society, so money spent on research is important to get those affected and those who may be potentially affected by cancer back on their feet to carry on their daily lives, and this in effect will have a ripple effect on the economy.

Economic growth can be achieved through a healthy population or cancer-free population. Where the population is healthy they will be able and fit for work and the services provided will boost the economy. The contributions to the economy from cancer free working population will help the government raise finance to meet its expenditure, hence, another reason why cancer should be financed. Sachs, J. (2002) suggested that disease stricken countries are to a large extent vulnerable to the social problems of economic malaise, internal conflicts and displaced populace. Professor Sachs’s argument hits the nail in the right hole on the relationship between health and economic growth. Health and economic growth are directly related. Spending on health will have a positive effect on the economy. When the working population of a country is healthy, they can contribute a great deal to the economy. The ultimate result to this is a rise in the gross domestic product (income from consumers and both private and public investments) from one year to the other. Spending on health is the right thing for a nation to do so as to avoid the collapse of the economy. A healthy population can promote a sustainable circular flow of income between households and firms. Households will be fit or healthy to provide services to earn income and the income earned will be spent on goods and services produced by firms.

Although financing cancer is the appropriate thing for any nation to do, there are pros and cons to it.

Pros and Cons 

Health promotion on cancer can make people be aware and alerted about cancer and this can generate the needed caution for people to avoid it. People will take up precautionary measures to avoid potential cancer. The cure from cancer derived from research can help save cancer patients and put their lives back to normal or give them the needed relief from the trauma and frustrations from cancer. Those that recover from cancer can be able and fit to work and this will make them provide services to raise revenue to meet their domestic expenses and save to meet unexpected situations or unforeseen contingencies.

Health promotion may sometimes be misleading and this will make the target group take up the wrong information. Battison, T. (2002) presented that unfortunately not all information passed around is entirely accurate and the myths that circulate can result in people believing wrongly about the causes and control of the disease. This may cause people to suffer unnecessary guilt and anxiety as to whether or not they caused their own cancer and about how the cause of the sickness will run. For example, it is commonly supposed that having cancer implies lingering and painful death, which is not true. The statement from Battison implies how the wrong awareness about cancer can lead people to imbibe fictitious information on cancer. Having the wrong information that cancer will lead to death will put the target group into immense fear that will be difficult to heal.   The experimental treatment may cause harm, say; the use of X-ray to diagnose cancer will generate radioactive radiation which can be dangerous to the patient. The trauma and frustrations from cancer can breed psychological torture which cannot be easy to heal. Batttison further expressed that diagnose of cancer can invariably trigger strong emotions, leaving everyone involved feeling scared and confused. Initial reactions may vary, but most people express shock and disbelief and often ask the same questions over and over again: What did I do wrong? What can I do about this dreadful thing that is happening to me? Battison’s statement touches on what exactly our society feels about cancer. Any victim of cancer is bound to have that fear and mental torture and some may not even cope with it. The stigma attached to the dreadful disease will live any to embrace the fear that accompanies it and lives the one having the disease to perpetual psychological torture.  It can cost money and time for the patient, as the patient needs to make ongoing visits to the hospital and this involves money and time.


Based on the discussions above, one would conclude that it is a great thing to do to finance cancer. If anyone could argue this, then it is like prioritising money than human health. We human beings are valued more than money. The brain behind the creation of money to solve the problems associated with barter system (exchange of good for good) emanated out of sound health, hence, the need to spend money on health and cancer being one of the health problems. The brain can only function well when one is healthy. We can only think and act effectively when we are healthy. There are three important phases to cancer and they are Awareness Phase, research phase and rehabilitation Phase. These phases require finance. The awareness phase is the sensitisation stage and this stage needs oral, written and visual medium to get the message to the target group. There is a demand for using newspapers, magazines, journals, radio, billboards and so forth and all these sensitisation outlets require money. Research on cancer desires huge amount of money and the gains from it outweighs the money spent on it.  Those with cancer require rehabilitation due to the ongoing fear, trauma and psychological torture that are linked with the victim. Finance is needed to cure those with cancer and give hope to those affected and this demands professionalism or the ideal institution to deliver that. No matter what arguments that may emerge to counter the need for financing cancer, human lives are paramount and health is wealth. This is because a healthy population can build on the wealth of the nation. We are all human beings and that humility and finance provided for those affected by cancer are important ingredients in creating an impact on their lives. Every little financial contribution can be of great help in striving towards a cancer-free society.


Amstrong, S. (2014), P53: The Gene that cracked the Cancer Code, ISBN (Paper Back): 978-1-4729-1052-3
Scotting, P. (2010), Cancer, A Beginners Guide, ISBN: 978-1-85168-755-8
Bor, R., Eriksen, C.and Stapelkamp, C. (2010) Coping with the Psychological Effects of Cancer, ISBN: 978-1-84709-097-3
Priestman, T. (2008) Reducing Your Risk of Cancer, what you need to know, London, Sheldon Press, ISBN: 978-1-84709-021-8
Shah, P. (2012) Testicular Cancer, The Essential Guide, London, Needs2Know, ISBN: 978-1-86144-265-9
Priestman, T. (2006) Coping with Breast Cancer, London, Sheldon Press, ISBN: 0-85969-968-4
Battison, T. (2002) Caring for Someone with Cancer, ISBN: 0-86242-382-1
Tumours, B., Stork-Vance, V.and Dubay, M. (2004) 100 Questions & Answers About Brain Tumors, ISBN: 0-7637-2308-8
Smith, T. (2010) Coping Successfully with Prostate Cancer, ISBN; 978-1-84709-104-8
Brown, Z.K., Freeman, H.P.and Platt, E. (2007) 100 Questions & Answers About Breast Cancer (Second Edition), London, Jones & Barlett Publishers Internation
Sachs, J. (2002) Macroeconomics and Health: investing in health for economic development, the Courier, the magazine of ACP-EU development cooperation March-April 2002, page 6, No 191, ISSN 1606-2000


Prince Foday
London, United Kingdom